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Humpday History Highlight

By Wyatt Earp | April 29, 2009


April 29, 1429 – Joan of Arc Relieves Orleans

During the Hundred Years’ War, the 17-year-old French peasant Joan of Arc leads a French force in relieving the city of Orleans, besieged by the English since October.

At the age of 16, “voices” of Christian saints told Joan to aid Charles, the French dauphin, in gaining the French throne and expelling the English from France. Convinced of the validity of her divine mission, Charles furnished Joan with a small force of troops. She led her troops to Orleans, and on April 29, as a French sortie distracted the English troops on the west side of the city, Joan entered unopposed by its eastern gate. Bringing needed supplies and troops into the besieged city, she also inspired the French to a passionate resistance and through the next week led the charge during a number of skirmishes and battles. On one occasion, she was even hit by an arrow, but after dressing her wounds she returned to the battle. On May 8, the siege of Orleans was broken, and the English retreated.

During the next five weeks, Joan led French forces into a number of stunning victories over the English, and Reims, the traditional city of coronation, was captured in July. Later that month, Charles VII was crowned king of France, with Joan of Arc kneeling at his feet.

In May 1430, while leading another military expedition against the English occupiers of France, Bourguignon soldiers captured Joan and sold her to the English, who tried her for heresy. She was tried as a heretic and witch, convicted, and on May 30, 1431, burned at the stake at Rouen. In 1920, Joan of Arc, already one of the great heroes of French history, was recognized as a Christian saint by the Roman Catholic Church. (H/

Topics: HHH | 6 Comments »

6 Responses to “Humpday History Highlight”

  1. Morgan Says:
    April 29th, 2009 at 8:24 pm

    A hero and a saint, she truly is.

  2. Peter Says:
    April 29th, 2009 at 9:03 pm

    French theologians at the University of Paris tried her, not the English, and quite reasonably found her to be heretical, which was a burning issue at the time.

    The real cause of the English decline was the loss of Bedford, and subversion of the army by the Yorkist fifth column.

    The French could never and will never best the English.

  3. Doghouse Says:
    April 30th, 2009 at 10:11 am

    “She turned me into a newt!

    “I got better … “

  4. Wyatt Earp Says:
    May 2nd, 2009 at 3:01 pm

    Morgan – And one ballsy broad. Heh.

    Peter – But in World War II . . . Oh, nevermind.

    Doghouse – Great use of Monty Python!

  5. Alan B Says:
    May 2nd, 2009 at 3:29 pm

    Wyatt, I’m curious:

    … in World War II … what?

  6. Wyatt Earp Says:
    May 2nd, 2009 at 3:32 pm

    Alan B – It was a joke. Everyone knows the French laid down for the Germans in 1940. :)